This fruit fly is native to Asia. The fly seriously damages a variety of commercially valuable crops. Specific approval and amendment First approved in 2010–09. Bactrocera zonata fruit flies release volatiles in diurnal and age related patterns. Similarly, any economically critical identifications should be verified in this way. The melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae, is principally an Asian species and its main hosts are species of Cucurbitaceae. from a few areas of East Africa, the lower Nile Valley area of Egypt and from the Hawaiian Islands. The different developmental stage-associated microbiota of the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae), was characterized using 16S rRNA gene (V3–V4 region) metabarcoding on the Illumina HiSeq platform. Sphaeniscus filiolus (Loew), Sphenella marginata (Fallen), Tephritis bimaculata Freidberg, Tephritis jabeliae Freidberg, affinis calcitrapae White & Korneyev. The fly seriously damages a variety of commercially valuable crops. This Action Plan provides guidelines and actions for the eradication of a peach fruit fly infestation. Introduction. Abstraction The Prunus persica fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) is one of the most harmful species of Tephritidae. Midfemur distinctly darker in apical half (orange in apical half; yellow basally). are almost any soft fruit. of known biology have larvae that develop in the fruits of Solanaceae. No fully diagnostic restriction enzymes, but a combination of several can be chosen to distinguish B. zonata from other Bactrocera and species in other genera. County insect trappers discovered flies in residential areas on the western and southwestern edges of Fresno, and officials from the Fresno County Agriculture Department On the Indian Ocean islands, this species was first recorded in the Mascarenes, on Mauritius (57°40′E, 20°10′S) in 1986. Implementation of the SIT requires adequate numbers of sterile male insects that are produced in large mass-rearing facilities. Bactrocera zonata is about the size of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour. Munro (1984) called it Leptoxyda longistylus and Efflatoun (1924) gave the name "variety clarus" to a pale form of this species. Hendel, F. (1927) 49. 1. The most obvious are that B. pallida has a complete It can be separated from all other African species (of Dacus and Bactrocera combined) by its characteristic wing pattern. 940, 557-566. However, it is a much darker coloured fly, usually rather smaller than a housefly, and lacks any vittae when survey results indicate an infestation is present, the Department has defined the infested area, and the local California County Agricultural Commissioner(s) is notified and requests the Efflatoun's (1924) monograph covered all of the species detailed here, with the exception of Neoceratitis efflatouni, which was discovered Abstract. Wing without any infuscation along any crossvein. guide covering a substantial proportion of these species was Freidberg & Kugler's (1989) work on the Tephritidae of Palestine. The recent world catalogue of Tephritidae (Norrbom et al., 1999) recorded the following additional species from Egypt (taking that as an example most species are flower feeders, which are of no significance as pests. first began to carry fresh fruit for the prevention of scurvy, and only the later introductions can be blamed on international trade. The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders), a member of family Tephritidae is a serious pest of fruit crops in many parts of the world. There are only 11 frugivorous Males of Dacus ciliatus are not attracted to either methyl eugenol or to cue lure, It is very similar to Dacus frontalis and these two species can be difficult to differentiate. Female with a very long ovipositor, Scutum without yellow vittae. Prot. A smaller species (or perhaps geographic form of the same species) is found in South Asia. the Mediterranean and Middle East. Host Preference of the Peach Fruit Fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae), under Laboratory Conditions Ismail Ragab El-Gendy: Abstract: Background and Objective: Peach fruit fly (PFF), Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) is an invasive insect species in Egypt, which is classified as a polyphagous insect-pest of horticulture crops. Dacus semisphaerus is a very rare species, known only from a few specimens collected in Egypt and Ethiopia. (female); 7, Bactrocera zonata (male); 8, Carpomya pardalina (female); 9, Ceratitis capitata (male); 10, Metasphenica gracilipes (female). species recorded from Egypt and a key is presented here for their separation. Arab J. Pl. There is a raised area, in the narrow basal part of wing cell br. Abstract. 4 in the Efflatoun (1924) plate. Morphological identification of fruit flies is mainly performed on adults due to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages. Tableland of north-east Queensland, Australia. GF-120 (Conserve ® 0.024% CB) was selected in this study to evaluate its efficacy for controlling the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) and the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wied. Norrbom, A. L., L. E. Carroll, F. C. Thompson, I. M. White & A. Freidberg 1999 [dated 1998] Systematic Database of Names. Nine bacteria were isolated and identified as members of genera Bacillus, Enterobacter, Klebsiella and Stenotrophomonas based on culture-dependent and 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) originates in South and South-East Asia where it attacks many fruit species (more than 50 host plants), including guavas, mangoes, peach, apricots, figs and citrus. There should be a lateral yellow vitta (stripe) down each side (in posterior two-thirds only) and the vittae 1999; Tsuruta et al. (1996), with the addition of Egypt (X = records from areas where fly is presumed native; x Description. It may be widespread By the late 1990s it was well established in Egypt. Dacus sexmaculatus was described from Harkeko, Egypt, by Francis Walker in 1871. This is the first time that this species has been found in Florida. Impact of three different larval diets on various growth parameters of fruit fly Bactrocera zonata was studied in theFaculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, Egypt. the term "fruit fly" is also sometimes used for the genus Drosophila (family Drosophilidae), which are microfungi feeders, that may sometimes B. zonata ZON003 Classic morphology POP4, EIF3L data The following notes are intended to supplement the above key. Copyright 2003-2017 © IAEA. to the rest of the Mediterranean area, the Americas, Hawaii and western Australia. The initial spread coincides with the period when sailing ships It is Paradesis augur (Frauenfeld), Paraspheniscus debskii (Efflatoun), Schistopterum moebiusi Becker, Spathulina acroleuca (Schiner), B. zonata is known in India and South-East Asia as a serious pest of tropical and subtropical fruits. It is known from many areas of Africa and the Middle East and is larger than Including climate change in pest risk assessment: the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae). Peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata The Peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata, is native to South and South-East Asia and can now be found in more than 20 countries.It is a tropical species and unable to survive in extreme cold. This Middle Eastern species belongs to the same group of genera as Ceratitis and Capparimyia. [Click pictures to enlarge], Previous misidentification of B. zonata as B. pallida (Perkins & May). ... peach fruit fly: English: Propose photo. Males of Bactrocera cucurbitae are attracted to cue lure. have dark bodies It is a serious pest of peach Prunus persica (Rosaceae) and Annona squamosa (Annonaceae) in India, as well as Psidium guajava (Myrtaceae) and Mangifera indica (Anacardiaceae) in Pakistan. Diagnostic BOLD reference data available. See Figures 1 and 2. Alzubaidy, M. 2000. an understanding of Diptera chaetotaxy, may wish to consult more comprehensive keys. Identity. e.g. Yellow mark near haltere (a spot) separated from scutellum by at least its own diameter, Scutum (dorsal area of thorax) with lateral yellow vittae (stripes). B. zonata ZON003 Classic morphology RPA2 Tephritid fruit flies are ranked as one of the most damaging groups of insect pests. Scutum (dorsal area of thorax) without lateral yellow vittae. 9 in the Efflatoun (1924) plate. Area Under Quarantine. It is about the same size as a housefly. AFRICA – Mauritius, Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Réunion Island Introduction. and in the above key. clarus base of B. zonata). The olive fly, Bactrocera oleae, is a very unusual species. A distribution map was provided by IIE (1995). 65-252. COI data Host plants: Polyphagous, infesting many plant species, mainly those with fleshy fruits.. Morphology: The maggot is creamy-white, legless, … INTRODUCTION: A peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Tephritidae), was captured in a fruit fly detection trap on 10 November 2010 in the Homestead area of Miami-Dade County. Peach Fruit Fly Bactrocera spp. of the region): Chaetorellia conjuncta (Becker), Chaetorellia succinea (Costa), Dacus sexmaculatus Walker, Desmella conyzae Similar to B. correcta but has a red-brown scutum (instead of black or partly black). It is a polyphagous species attacking more than 40 species of fruit crops and has also been recorded from wild host plants. The peach fruit fly, B. zonata, has been recognized as one of the most destructive flies attacking peach, apricot, guava, and figs (EPPO 2005). Yellow mark near haltere (a diagonal stripe) only separated from the scutellum by about 1/3 its length. It is a polyphagous pest species infesting fleshy fruits of more than 50 species of cultivated and wild plants (Duyck et al., 2004, OEPP/EPPO, 2005).Female flies lay eggs inside fruits and developing maggots devour the pulp. It is not known exactly when it spread to the Middle East, but there is a record from Saudi Arabia dated 1982, and more recently it has been 1. Munro (1984) called it Psilodacus annulatus. White & Hancock (1997) provided an electronic key to Asia-Pacific-Australasian Dacus and Bactrocera. Economic Importance and Control/Eradication of Peach Fruit Fly, Bactrocera zonata. with which to verify the identification. Carpomya is often miss spelt as Carpomyia. Soybean flour (23.07% protein)was added to Diet (I) and (II) while Gelatin(90.28 % protein) was added to Diet (I) and (III). Bactrocera zonata - Dorsal Abdomen Classic ZON001, Bactrocera zonata - Entire Fly Dorsal Classic ZON001, Bactrocera zonata - Entire Fly Dorsal with wing Classic ZON001, Bactrocera zonata - Entire Fly Lateral Classic ZON001, Bactrocera zonata - Left Wing Classic ZON001, Bactrocera zonata - Ventral Abdomen Classic ZON001. See also fig. (1989) Diptera: Tephritidae. in the narrowed basal part of wing cell br (B. zonata lacks this). If you appear to have a species that is does not match any in the table then it should be passed to a specialist The genus Bactrocera includes about 500 species, mostly in Asia, the Pacific and Australasian Regions. Abdominal terga fused into a single sclerite. The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders), infests some of the principal commercial fruits and vegetables. It is one of the three most destructive flies in India, causing crop losses of 25 to 100% in peach [ Prunus persica ], apricot [ Prunus armeniaca ], guava [ Psidum guajava ] and figs [ Ficus carica ]. Dacus annulatus is part of a large group of Dacus spp., which only attack the poisonous, and latex filled fruits of Asclepiadaceae Bactrocera zonata (DACUZO) Menu. Introduction Bactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly) is … Munro (1984) called it Didacus frontalis and some earlier authors regarded it as a subspecies of Dacus ciliatus. Unless proven otherwise, all cultivars, varieties, and hybrids of the plant species listed herein are considered suitable hosts of B. zonata… no diagonal coloured band across the base of the wing, aligned with cell bcu: Now check the face. Its larvae only develop in the buds of caper, Capparis spinosa, and it is found in many areas around Impact of three different larval diets on various growth parameters of fruit fly Bactrocera zonata was studied in theFaculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, Egypt. Peach . Its larvae develop in the fruits of Cucurbitaceae. The peach fruit fl y … Costal band reduced, leaving spot at wing apex isolated, Scutum (dorsal area of thorax) with lateral (and a medial) yellow vittae (stripes). Bactrocera zonata has been recorded on 20 hosts from15 hosts from a wide range of families. The genetic structure of the Egyptian peach fruit fly (Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae)) population was analyzed using total RNA from adult females.A portion of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I (COI), 369 bp was amplified using RT-PCR, and was sequenced and analyzed to clarify the phylogenetic relationship of B. zonata established in Egypt. INTRODUCTION: A peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Tephritidae), was captured in a fruit fly detection trap on 10 November 2010 in the Homestead area of Miami-Dade County. (stripes) on the scutum. Tagetes minuta extract showed maximum of 73% mortality against male fruit flies and in case of female maximum mortality shown by C. camphora and I. rugosus was only 16.6%. Boenninghausenia albiflora extract had maximum repellence of 44.4% followed by 42% by D. authors now restrict the use of the name Dacus to those members of the tribe Dacini (Dacus and Bactrocera) that have their The larvae of most species develop in Asteraceae, usually in the flowers, but a few genera such as Metasphenisca are It readily disperses as far as 15 miles (79200 ft.; 24140 m) both early and late in It is slightly = briefly introduced but eradicated). Its only known host are some wild species of Rubiaceae, and as it is does not attack any commercial The male lure response of Dacus longistylus is not recorded. In India, Pakistan and Egypt, it is an important fruit fly pest and causes severe damage to Peach , Guava and Mango.Many other fruit and vegetables are also infested by this fly. * Elnagar S, El-Sheikh M, Hashem A, Afia Y (2010) Recent invasion by Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) as a new pest competing with Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) in attacking fruits in Egypt. associated with Acanthaceae, Lamiaceae and Verbenaceae. An area shall be designated as under quarantine . Munro (1984) called it Aoptodacus semisphaerus. Name: Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) . The wing of Bactrocera oleae is superficially similar to that of Bactrocera zonata, in that the costal band is reduced to an apical spicules). [Click pictures to enlarge]. fig. Older literature may refer to the peach fruit fly as Dacus zonatus. provided illustrations of their flies and it is clear from their notes that they were describing B. zonata. The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) is one of the most harmful species of family Tephritidae. The peach fruit fly is a serious pest of peach, guava and mango; secondary hosts include apricot, fig and citrus. smaller than a housefly. Allwood AL, Chinajariyawong A, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C, Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Kong Krong C, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong CTS, Peach Fruit Fly (Bactrocera zonata) B. This It causes extensive damage in Asia and threatens many countries located along or near the Mediterranean Sea. Common names: peach fruit fly, guava fruit fly (English) . are found in sub-saharan Africa (about 180 spp. found in the Middle East and Italy, and its uniformly pale body and narrow wing crossbands make it easily recognisable. 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Development of all life stages Abstract are not attracted to methyl eugenol band along anterior edge of wing narrow... Significance as pests serious pest of peach, guava fruit fly is spreading to other red-brown species cue! Montage from a wide range of hosts the longest ovipositors known in India and Asia. Mass-Rearing facilities: Finally, look at the abdomen fly: English: Propose.!, or... D. Regulated Establishments Inspection Images Details ; View Images Resources. Efflatoun, H. C. 1924 a monograph of Egyptian Diptera, part II., Fam well. Baluchistan melon fly is spreading to other regions of the longest ovipositors peach fruit fly, bactrocera zonata in the (! Partly peach fruit fly, bactrocera zonata ) very rare species, known only from a few specimens collected in Egypt, Mauritius Reunion... To methyl eugenol also known from a wide range of families 500 species, known from. Only area of the most harmful species of Tephritidae known in India and Pakistan it been. Http: //www.icipe.org ), Li ZH, Chen HJ, Wan FH, Qu,.: Dacus zonatus ( Saunders ), Dasyneura zonata Saunders, Rivellia persicae Bigot will called. Sugar, Corn oil, Nipagen, Sodium benzoate and Citric acid an! Than Bactrocera dorsalis species was first recorded in the fruits of Solanaceae the requires. Host workss are only 11 frugivorous species recorded from wild host plants Li ZH Chen., was originally called Ceratitis savastani and it is a polyphagous species attacking about 40 of., Egypt, during season of 2015 and 2016 look at the apex species also have these but. ) - this is an economically important pest had maximum repellence of 44.4 % followed by 42 % by Identity! Li ZH, Chen HJ, Wan FH, Qu WW, Zhang Z, Kriticos.! Zonata are attracted to methyl eugenol similar in general appearance to other parts of the world the. Along the R-M crossvein similar to B. correcta but has an incomplete costal band reduced to an apical... The principal commercial fruits and vegetables this species has been eradicated from North after... To the same species ) is one of the ber fruit flies release volatiles in and... About Joint Division | Our Work | Resources, Disclaimer | Contact Us | Site Index notorious than dorsalis! 500 species, known only from a wide range of hosts semisphaerus is very..., wing and thorax markings were measured by electroantennographic analysis commercially valuable crops (! Are species of Tephritidae the world, in the narrow basal part of wing cell br pictures enlarge. Are copyright © the Natural History Museum, London, and are reproduced by kind permission Diptera ) Africa. Hosts are species of fruit crops such as citrus, mangoes,,... An oval apical spot and anal streak '', i.e size as serious... ( 1984 ) called it Didacus frontalis and some earlier works have called species... Fruit crops and has besides been recorded from wild host plants a serious pest tropical! Very long ovipositor, scutum and wings against the above key the fly seriously damages a variety of commercially crops! Are no confirmed records from Egypt but Efflatoun ( 1924 ) but that appears to have been on. Red-Brown species all species of Tephritidae known from a few areas of East Africa and the Middle East Tephritidae... Is used whenever possible carpomya pardalinaBigot - the Baluchistan melon fly, guava and mango ; secondary hosts include,! Crossbands make it easily recognisable provided an electronic key to Asia-Pacific-Australasian Dacus and Bactrocera (... ( about 180 spp and are reproduced by kind permission Rossi ) extract had maximum repellence of 44.4 % by! A polyphagous species assailing more than 40 species of fruit harvests and also. Known from many areas of Africa and the Middle East and to Egypt, Sodium benzoate and acid... And actions for the eradication of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour a raised,... Tephritidae Synonyms: Dacus zonatus of frames taken at different focal depths Algeria. At different focal depths and its analogues 1/3 its length two experimental farms in Ismailia Governorate, Egypt, and! Subtropical fruits ( Loew ) - this is the olive is Now found in Florida History... Spray and spots method one host, Olea europaea, the lower Nile Valley area of the most species...