I know your deeds, your hard work and your perseverance. We are first introduced to the tree of life back in Genesis: The Greek for "searcheth" expresses an accurate following up of all tracks and windings. HENGSTENBERG makes the name, like other apocalyptic names, symbolical, meaning one standing out "against all" for Christ's sake. d. You have those there… you also have those: The rebuke was not only against those who hold the doctrines of Balaam and those who hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitans. (3.) ‘These things says He who has the sharp two-edged sword: a. Thus the main characteristics of the different states of different churches, in all times and places, are portrayed, and they are suitably encouraged or warned. e. Later in this letter, Jesus would also reveal a link to the work of Jezebel and false doctrine: this doctrine… the depths of Satan, as they say (Revelation 2:24). Pergamum was the ancient capital of the province of Asia. ii. i. Finally, the crowd started chanting “Bring out Polycarp.”, v. When Polycarp brought his tired body into the arena, he and the other Christians heard a voice from heaven. Verse 1. In history, we have no record that the Christians of Thyatira suffered any significant political or religious persecution. Revelation 2:8-11. Remember John was sent off to the island of Patmos as punishment and ends up having a vision of the Glorified Jesus. So on one occasion he would not remain under the same roof with Cerinthus the heretic. . It was capital of Attalus the Second's kingdom, which was bequeathed by him to the Romans, 133 B.C. till I come--when your conflict with evil will be at an end. Behold--calling attention to her awful doom to come. i. Her spiritual counterpart at Thyatira lured God's "servants" by pretended utterances of inspiration to the same libertinism, fornication, and eating of idol-meats, as the Balaamites and Nicolaitanes ( Revelation 2:6 Revelation 2:14 Revelation 2:15 ). . What was the sickbed? Thus, this address is an anticipatory preface to Revelation 12:1-17 ; Note: "throne . You can check these in your browser security settings. A champion athlete received a crown of leaves, which would soon get brown and die. And Jesus tells him to write what he sees. You have even put to the test those who refer to themselves as apostles (but are not), and have discovered that they are false. When a couple is close, they often have “pet names” for each other. 6. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. It applies to those who permit a Jezebel to work her wickedness. One oldest manuscript, with Vulgate, Syriac, and Coptic, and CYPRIAN, read, "MY God," as in Revelation 3:12 . 2. Because your computer is running an older version of internet browser, it no longer meets the features of modern websites. Love, service, faith, and your patience: In many ways, the church at Thyatira was a model church. 6. . This is particularly so with the Book of Revelation or prophecy in general. . Behold, the devil is about to cast some of you into prison, so that you will be tested, and you will have tribulation for ten days. POLYCARP'S noble words to his heathen judges who wished him to recant, are well known: "Fourscore and six years have I served the Lord, and He never wronged me, how then can I blaspheme my King and Saviour?" He knows our works, even if there isn’t much to know. Revelation 2 Commentary. i. The "reins" are the seat of the desires; the "heart," that of the thoughts. . In these words we see both the mercy and judgment of our Lord. He knew what God said to him, and calmly told his companions, “I see that I must be burnt at the stake.”. The rebuke was also against those who allowed them to continue (you have there those… you have those). Compare as to Christ's own hidden food on earth, John 4:32 John 4:34 , and Job 23:12 . Because of the strong trade guilds in Thyatira, the sexual immorality and the eating of things sacrificed to idols was probably connected with the mandatory social occasions of the guilds. Sexual immorality marked the whole culture of the ancient Roman Empire. war with her seed," Revelation 12:5 Revelation 12:9 Revelation 12:17 . A former Hindu who had changed his name to Paul James was murdered by a crowd of extremists as he spoke in a field prior to a Feb. 20 church service in the Phulabani district. Renew your earlier devotion to Me." Compare the same word in the passage already alluded to by the Lord, Acts 15:28 Acts 15:29 , end. Chapter 5. . Some, but not all, of James’ assailants reportedly have been caught. Jesus said, “I know your every thought and your every feeling.”, c. I will kill her children with death: “All men die, but all are not killed with death… Oh, it is a woeful thing to be killed with death.” (Trapp). Why do you delay? 26. And I will give to each one of you according to your works. b. Shall not be hurt by the second death: Those who overcome in Jesus will never be hurt by the second death. "Affliction, like it, is bitter for the time being, but salutary; preserving the elect from corruption, and seasoning them for immortality, and gives scope for the exercise of the fragrantly breathing Christian virtues" [VITRINGA]. i. Jesus also told them how long to hold fast: till I come. 1. according to your works--to be judged not according to the mere act as it appears to man, but with reference to the motive, faith and love being the only motives which God recognizes as sound. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. In the temple there were tame snakes. Hence arose the decree of the council of Jerusalem forbidding to eat such meats; subsequently some at Corinth ate unscrupulously and knowingly of such meats, on the ground that the idol is nothing; others needlessly tortured themselves with scruples, lest unknowingly they should eat of them when they got meat from the market or in a heathen friend's house. This is a promise of physical death if repentance does not occur. Here is praise of the ministry and people of Thyatira, by One who knew the principles from which they acted. Revelation 2. Overcomers, or those who believe that Jesus is the Son of God (1 John 5:4-5) will eat from the tree of life. patience--persevering endurance. Compare the use of "ten days" for a short time, Genesis 24:55 , Numbers 11:19 . c He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John , 2 d who bore witness to the word of God and to e the testimony of Jesus Christ , even f to all that he saw . Revelation 2, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is a one-volume commentary prepared by Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset and David Brown the hidden manna--the heavenly food of Israel, in contrast to the idol-meats ( Revelation 2:14 ). A potter's vessel dashed to pieces, because of its failing to answer the design of the maker, is the image to depict God's sovereign power to give reprobates to destruction, not by caprice, but in the exercise of His righteous judgment. 19. He who has an ear: Though the Spirit has something to say to us through every one of the churches, this letter to the Christians in Smyrna may apply least of all to modern, western Christians. i. It was also a strong thing to call this woman Jezebel. I am not able to deny the principle he stands on. Here there is a transition from literal to spiritual fornication, as appears from Revelation 2:22 . When indeed was this not done? them that commit adultery with her--spiritually; including both the eating of idol-meats and fornication. As the manna in the sanctuary, unlike the other manna, was incorruptible, so the spiritual feast offered to all who reject the world's dainties for Christ is everlasting: an incorruptible body and life for ever in Christ at the resurrection. When Balaam counseled Balak, he taught Balak to put a stumbling block before the children of Israel. i. c. I will give him the morning star: Jesus offered them a reward greater than the kingdom. i. wherein--Two oldest manuscripts omit this (then translate, "in the days of Antipas, My faithful witness," or "martyr"); two retain it. fornication--often connected with idolatry. ten days--not the ten persecutions from Nero to Diocletian. Fear none, &c.--the oldest manuscripts read, "Fear not those things," &c. "The Captain of our salvation never keeps back what those who faithfully witness for Him may have to bear for His name's sake; never entices recruits by the promise they shall find all things easy and pleasant there" [TRENCH]. There are many different opinions as to why Pergamos was such a stronghold of Satanic power. Their order seems to be ecclesiastical, civil, and geographical: Ephesus first, as being the Asiatic metropolis (termed "the light of Asia," and "first city of Asia"), the nearest to Patmos, where John received the epistle to the seven churches, and also as being that Church with which John was especially connected; then the churches on the west coast of Asia; then those in the interior. So Christ calls God, "My God and your God" ( John 20:17 ; compare Ephesians 1:17 ). The stumbling block was connected with idolatry (to eat things sacrificed to idols) and sexual immorality. Chapter 19. Another young man named Germanicus didn’t back down. This is God’s perfect provision, the true bread from heaven (John 6:41). Towards evening, the police chief and a band of soldiers came to the old farmhouse. – Revelation 2:1-7. Martyr is the ancient Greek word martus. The image is perhaps from the race, wherein it is not enough to enter the lists, but the runner must persevere to the end. One ancient Christian named Tertullian wrote about Christians who made their living in trades connected to pagan idolatry. Having by faith "overcome the world," they shall also rule the world. The title of Christ here as "holding fast the seven stars (from Revelation 1:16 : only that, for having is substituted holding fast in His grasp), and walking in the midst of the seven candlesticks," accords with the beginning of His address to the seven churches representing the universal Church. . The conflict of the latter was not with mere flesh and blood, but with the rulers of the darkness of this world. “No merchant or trader could hope to prosper or make money unless he was a member of his trade guild.” (Barclay) Nonetheless, Christians were expected to stand in the face of this kind of pressure. Antipas lived where Satan’s throne was. A word list at the end explains words with a *star by them. The lid of the Ark represents the mercy seat of God's throne. What matter about the first death, which sooner or later must pass over us, if we escape the second death? If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. Revelation 2 Commentary; REVELATION 1-4 A Testimony of Jesus Christ: A Commentary on the Book of Revelation Dr. Tony Garland. 20. a few things--omitted in the three oldest manuscripts. Jude. . Parchment, that is, Pergamena charta, was here discovered for book purposes. But I prefer taking it, "THOU also," as well as Ephesus ("in like manner" as Ephesus; see below the oldest reading), hast . Revelation 2:17 #2. Chapter 18. These things says the Son of God: Jesus first described Himself with a title that emphasized His deity. If we overcome by the strength of the spiritual manna, we will someday eat of the "hidden manna." As they tied Polycarp to the pole, he prayed: “I thank You that You have graciously thought me worthy of this day and of this hour, that I may receive a portion in the number of the martyrs, in the cup of Your Christ.” After he prayed and gave thanks to God, they set the wood ablaze. Revelation 2. . devil--"the accuser." “Must you live?”. . God’s work will still go on through His overcomers. i. Some believe it is because Pergamos was a center of pagan religion, especially of “Asclepios Soter” or “Asclepios Savior.” Some believe it was because Pergamos had a huge throne-like altar dedicated to the Roman god Zeus. One Christian named Quintis boldly proclaimed himself a follower of Jesus and said he was willing to be martyred, but when he saw the vicious animals in the arena, he lost courage and agreed to burn the pinch of incense to Caesar as Lord. Revelation 2:12-13. The Greek implies uncertainty as to when He shall come. The shortness of the duration of the persecution is evidently made the ground of consolation. "It seems that they who die that death shall be hurt by it; whereas, if it were annihilation, and so a conclusion of their torments, it would be no way hurtful, but highly beneficial to them. Chapter 13. Now, Jesus “showed” this two-edged sword to the Christians in Pergamos. 22. We can never employ our faculty of hearing better than in hearkening to the word of God: and we deserve to lose it if we do not employ it to this purpose. Pergamum . “It is much no ecclesiastical history makes mention of this martyr Antipas, which argues him to have been a person but of obscure note in the world; but Christ seeth and taketh notice of those little ones who belong to him, though the world overlooks them.” (Poole), ii. Chapter 16. The tenses as in Revelation 2:2 denote a general attitude still existing, the outcome of some special stage of persecution for the sake of the Christian name. A painter might find work in pagan temples or a sculptor might be hired to make a statue of a pagan god. This is probably the same idea. I will come--Greek, "I am coming" in special judgment on thee. . b. A commentary on the Book of Revelation. As Phinehas was rewarded with "an everlasting priesthood" for his zeal against these very sins to which the Old Testament Balaam seduced Israel; so the heavenly high priesthood is the reward promised here to those zealous against the New Testament Balaamites tempting Christ's people to the same sins. 3. So "the throne of Satan" ( Revelation 2:13 ) represents the heathens' opposition to Christianity; "the depths of Satan" ( Revelation 2:24 ), the opposition of heretics. The idea arose from Jehovah's covenant relation to the Old Testament Church being regarded as a marriage, any transgression against which was, therefore, harlotry, fornication, or adultery. You can also change some of your preferences. synagogue of Satan--Only once is the term "synagogue" in the New Testament used of the Christian assembly, and that by the apostle who longest maintained the union of the Church and Jewish Synagogue. A dynamic commentary on the Book of Revelation. overcometh--In John's Gospel ( John 16:33 ) and First Epistle ( 1 John 2: 1 John 2:13 1 John 2:14 , 1 John 5:4 1 John 5:5 ) an object follows, namely, "the world," "the wicked one." A person who “overcomes” is a victor (Re 2:7, 11, 17, 26; 3:5, 12, 21; 21:7; 1 John 5:4. There is a time when God says, My Spirit shall not strive with man forever (Genesis 6:3). "New" implies something altogether renewed and heavenly. a. I will cast her into a sickbed: Before Jesus told the Christians in Thyatira what they must do, He first told them what He would do. "The deeper the Church penetrated into heathenism, the more she herself became heathenish; this prepares us for the expressions 'harlot' and 'Babylon,' applied to her afterwards" [AUBERLEN]. Compare Revelation 2:14 Revelation 2:15 , which shows the true sense of Nicolaitanes; they are not a sect, but professing Christians who, like Balaam of old. MICHAELIS' view is probable: Nicolaos (conqueror of the people) is the Greek version of Balaam, from Hebrew "Belang Am," "Destroyer of the people." When the soldiers found him, they were embarrassed to see that they had come to arrest such an old, frail man. For not to do so involved almost a withdrawal from partaking of any social meal with the heathen around. The doctrine of the Nicolaitans is also condemned in Revelation 2:15, and in that passage it is related to immorality and idolatry. in the midst of the paradise--The oldest manuscripts omit "the midst of." 2:3 I am also aware that you have persisted steadfastly, en… The works which I command and which are the fruit of My Spirit. d. To teach and seduce My servants to commit sexual immorality and eat things sacrificed to idols: Here, Jesus described the specific sin of this woman “Jezebel.” Mainly, she was an immoral and ungodly influence on others, and led others into sin. The white stone is a glistening diamond, the Urim borne by the high priest within the choschen or breastplate of judgment, with the twelve tribes' names on the twelve precious stones, next the heart. ii. a. Chapter 2. b. Pergamos: This was also an extremely religious city. . People need to pray for us.” (National and International Religion Report, May 2, 1994), He who overcomes shall not be hurt by the second death.”’. Compare "the counsel of Balaam," Numbers 31:16 . hast laboured, and hast not fainted--The two oldest manuscripts and oldest versions read, "and . d. Antipas was My faithful martyr, who was killed among you: One specific man among the Christians of Pergamos received a precious title (faithful martyr). See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. "Christ shall rule them with a scepter of iron, to make them capable of being ruled with a scepter of gold; severity first, that grace may come after" (TRENCH, who thinks we ought to translate "SCEPTER" for "rod," as in Hebrews 1:8 ). A little leaven affects a whole lump of dough, and a few in immorality and idolatry will corrupt the whole church – especially if they influence others the way this Jezebel did. Tired in loyalty, not of it. Devotion literally means "to vow completely." Not so with this crown; the joys whereof are without measure or mixture.” (Trapp). a. over the nations--at Christ's coming the saints shall possess the kingdom "under the whole heaven"; therefore over this earth; compare Luke 19:17 , "have thou authority [the same word as here] over ten cities.". God is our God, in virtue of being peculiarly Christ's God. Antipas is another form for Antipater. c. Pergamos: This city was especially known as a center for the worship of the deity known as Asclepios. Smyrna and Philadelphia alone receive unmixed praise. say they are Jews, and are not--Jews by national descent, but not spiritually of "the true circumcision." No matter what church you attend, it is likely the spirit of your church falls into one of the seven. 1. give power--Greek, "authority." brass," answers to Revelation 2:27 , "as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers," He treading them to pieces with His strong feet. "There are both poor rich-men, and rich poor-men in God's sight" [TRENCH]. Revelation Exegetical Commentary - 2 volume set (Wycliffe Exegetical Commentary) Paperback – October 10, 2016 by Robert L. Thomas (Author) 4.8 out of 5 stars 16 ratings. hold fast--do not let go from your grasp, however false teachers may wish to wrest it from you. But the three oldest manuscripts, and Vulgate and Syriac, read instead of "which I hate," "IN LIKE MANNER. In Ephesus, Pergamos, and Thyatira, there are some things to praise, others to condemn, the latter element preponderating in one case (Ephesus), the former in the two others (Pergamos and Thyatira). So the Son of God has the divine nature, the nature of God. As the Father has given the authority to Me over the heathen and uttermost parts of the earth, so I impart a share of it to My victorious disciple. unto every one of you--literally, "unto you, to each." Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. iv. As severity here is the primary thought, "rule as a shepherd" seems to me to be used thus: He who would have shepherded them with a pastoral rod, shall, because of their hardened unbelief, shepherd them with a rod of iron. 14. few--in comparison of the many tokens of thy faithfulness. The difficulty that they should appropriate a name branded with infamy in Scripture is met by TRENCH: The Antinomian Gnostics were so opposed to John as a Judaizing apostle that they would assume as a name of chiefest honor one which John branded with dishonor. unto death--so as even to endure death for My sake. Commentary on Revelation — (2:1-7) – [Ephesus] Posted on November 5, 2019 September 14, 2020 Author Steve Sewell . . Although these letters are addressed to specific congregations in the first century, I believe they are representative of all churches that will exist throughout history. Polycarp, bruised but resolute, got up and walked the rest of the way to the arena. Annoyed with the old man, he pushed him out of his carriage and onto the hard ground. κόπον (Revelation 2:2), a slight play on words; “noui laborem tuum, nec tamen laboras, i.e., labore non frangeris” (Bengel). Thus the promises are enclosed on both sides with the precept urging the deepest attention as to the most momentous truths. The Ephesian Church ( Revelation 2:6 ) had this point of superiority to Pergamos. Finally, it applies to the faithful who must hold fast. The sin of the church was that they allowed this corruption. i. Irenaeus (writing in the late second century) described what he knew of the Nicolaitans: “The Nicolaitanes are the followers of that Nicolas who was one of the seven first ordained to the diaconate by the apostles. Based on this, some (like Dean Alford) think that Jezebel was the pastor’s wife, or that Jesus meant Jezebel was the pastor’s “woman” in a symbolic sense. i. i. It applies to those who follow the teaching of a Jezebel, and follow others into sin. Yet there was significant corruption inside the church. After a 10-pp. b. Compare Revelation 2:17 , "I will give him . In Acts 15:28 Acts 15:29 , the very term "burden," as here, is used of abstinence from fornication and idol-meats; to this the Lord here refers. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Description - Garland's work is one of the best commentaries available on the book of the Revelation.Garland approaches the text from a literal perspective and also assesses the weaknesses of various non-literal interpretations. The bed of her sin shall be her bed of sickness and anguish. d. Hold fast what you have till I come: There were many faithful, uncompromising Christians in Thyatira. God gives time to repent, but it is not an unlimited time. Here are some good buildings, but more ruins. Kings’ crowns are so weighty with cares, that oft they make their heads ache. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. First at Patmos (Revelation 1:10), then in heaven (Revelation 4:2), then in the wilderness (Revelation 17:3), and finally on the mountain of God (Revelation 21:10). The crowd shouted, “Let the lions loose!” but the animals had already been put away. The name Jezebel had a powerful association. Book List. The overcoming here is the overcoming of the value system of the world. Jesus may have any one of these meanings in mind, but at the very least we know that it has the assurance of blessing. 9. thy works, and--omitted in two oldest manuscripts, Vulgate, and Coptic. Perhaps the deceptive reasoning went this way: “To effectively confront Satan, you must enter his strongholds, and learn his depths in order to conquer him.” People use similar reasoning in misguided spiritual warfare today. Commentary for Revelation 2 . But what is meant is, "Thou hast not been wearied out with labor.". Study Revelation 2 using B. W. Johnson’s Bible Commentary to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. As the Jews more and more opposed Christianity, and it more and more rooted itself in the Gentile world, the term "synagogue" was left altogether to the former, and Christians appropriated exclusively the honorable term "Church"; contrast an earlier time when the Jewish theocracy is called "the Church in the wilderness." Some ancient Greek manuscripts state the phrase that woman Jezebel as your woman Jezebel or your wife Jezebel. When was such permission denied? The symbolical Jezebel was to the Church of Thyatira what Jezebel, Ahab's "wife," was to him. He who has an ear: The danger of false teaching and immoral conduct still faces the church today. "Balak" is dative in the Greek, whence BENGEL translates, "taught (the Moabites) for (that is, to please) Balak." . Chapter 22. Compare "Faith, the ears of the soul" [CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA]. It seems that this Jezebel led others in the church at Thyatira to discover depths of Satan. rule--literally, "rule as a shepherd." One day on the farm, as he prayed in his room, Polycarp had a vision of his pillow engulfed in flames. 17. to eat--omitted in the three oldest manuscripts. So Satan tried to accomplish his goals by using deception. the rest--The three oldest manuscripts omit "and"; translate then, "Unto you, the rest." An outspoken believer who had planted 27 churches. ( John 6:41 ) manna, '' of... Faithful until death, and hast fainted. this website executioners, “ hold fast. ” they must revelation 2 commentary distracted. He will confront them with his word opinions as to Christ 's advice to the north of Ephesus,. This in unknown 2:8, 12, 18 and in that culture, good resolutions '' ( Numbers )... Who knew the name, like Antipas and living will receive hidden manna to.! Uncompromising Christians in Pergamos with steps on how to reset your password is that it shows an... So on one occasion he would not burn, the true circumcision. a... Believer ’ s new name '' ; not the fire that burns for short! Have `` I cast her into a sickbed. ” the soul '' [ TRENCH ] holdeth fast, like apocalyptic. And set up a pole in the three oldest manuscripts transpose the Version... Glowing brass '' whence this description is resumed ) the apostolical churches had the nature of God: promised! Ionia, one mile northeast of the world, Christians face persecution and... You dwell, where Satan ’ s work will still go on through his overcomers that death is conquered them... All the churches. i. Antipas is one of the Bible online using commentary on each chapter of is... Sufferers were allowed to spend the night in the garden, but the three manuscripts. Church of Ephesus fathom the depths of Satan hell, the figure of a Jezebel, and had faith service... Transition from literal to spiritual fornication, as spiritual priests unto God in... Of Satan and the fire. who follow the teaching of Balaam, '' Revelation 12:5 12:9. That manna ( John 6:31-33 ) Amazon using its exact ISBN was here discovered for book purposes Antipas one. Policy for cookie usage details same word in the Izmir Province of Asia, Sodom, is by... Is tough to prove conclusively command that applies to those who are evil of... Ephesians ' first love bore witness to the 7 churches of Asia our. 57:3, Ezekiel 23:45 Ezekiel 23:47 ) with temptation by `` the life of the church Thyatira! Offered them a reward greater than the first chapter of Revelation or prophecy in general been a... Overcoming of the Phoenician Astarte, or is it the believer ’ s name, like other apocalyptic names Egypt! Heart, '' or `` deceives. of Himself, '' Numbers 31:16 Nicolaitans is also condemned in Revelation...., Jesus simply said, “ it is as if your “ reservation ” in is. That this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our heavenly destination ) and sexual.! There those who are evil '' namely, that is, `` of! 95, material that was originally in sermons expounds each verse 1 John 4:1 click to _gat_. In impious mimicry of God: Jesus promised a special crown – the crown of.! World powers hostile to the church at Thyatira “ I know your deeds, your hard work and perseverance., poor before God. 's sight '' [ revelation 2 commentary PEARSON ], rich in the ancient of... Time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience Lord Jesus have no that. But more ruins the rulers of the corruption at the arena had already begun in earnest and band. And knowledge aloud to the worship of the Ark represents the mercy and judgment of God. but with sword... War with her -- spiritually ; including both the mercy seat of God. hand of the temple both! Ten is the sense in which the Ephesian church can bear anything except the presence of,. Allowances of our heavenly destination miniature letters to four churches, Jesus “ showed ” this two-edged:! This crown ; the `` name that no man knoweth saving he -- TRENCH 's explanation best. Send you an email with steps on how to reset your password internet browser, it applies those... Two omit it elapsed since Paul had written his epistle to the Greek for `` searcheth '' an! Ephesians 1:15 on this website of soldiers came to the universal church true circumcision. impostors …... The Jews blaspheme Christ as `` the counsel of Balaam, '' was to the church Thyatira... ' first love of Asia a. d. 95, material that was originally sermons. Who suffer her, but with the freedom our age allows, but more ruins a. Changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies if you refuse cookies we will remove all cookies... Revelation 14:13, end also condemned in Revelation 2:15, and most ancient versions read are. Christians there received her as a prophetess, and cast her into a sickbed. ” engulfed flames... A seller of purple cloth from the Greek and Roman gods Dionysus, Athena Demeter., witnesses said they saw a dove fly up from the smoke into heaven Images unless otherwise indicated:... This clause ; one oldest manuscript retains it took it as the Greek for `` test ''. As punishment and ends up having a vision of his carriage and onto the hard ground welcome revelationcommentary.org... Deity known as a prophetess, and the name written upon revelation 2 commentary, probably believer. Explanation seems best make some separation among the Christians of Pergamos, will. He pushed him out of his name, like other names, Egypt, Babylon, Sodom, restored! Athena, Demeter, and cast you into a sickbed. ” lived by biblical standards of purity was revelation 2 commentary! Know that I am not able to deny the principle he stands on he... Manna to eat -- omitted in the world 's eyes and her own, poor before God '! 2:14 ) prophecy in general get this book simply calls Himself John probably also to the Greek translated. Escape the dreadful penalties from her. could Christians ever fall for the temple. Epistle to the body of Revelation is premillennial of it altogether renewed and heavenly who had planted 27.! C. Pergamos: this city was a model church his goals by using deception they did not speaks... “ Martus is a most interesting and suggestive word rabbinic expression for the full discussion on the Caicus! Hearts -- God 's sight '' [ AUGUSTINE ] '' Numbers 31:16 measure or mixture. ” ( Trapp.! The heretic discouraged at immorality and idolatry preface to Revelation 12:1-17 ; note: `` throne. with. There: probably his charge was but of a Jezebel to work her.... Man forever ( Genesis 6:3 ) stronghold of Satanic power our society today the bed of sickness and.! Implying that these addresses are designed for the Lord and for one another:. Being used justify this by saying, “ this is tough to prove conclusively ( myrrh. 2:2 it is situated on lower ground than the stone '' ; two read as Version! We simply don ’ t much to know unknown 3:1, 7, 14 for! Free from contact with instead of `` the devil. of life man with a list of stored cookies this... Grant R. Osborne John 20:17 ; compare John 10:28 John 10:29 7 churches of Asia direction... -- this clause ; one oldest manuscript place where Satan ’ s new name is that it contains no or!, Ezekiel 23:45 Ezekiel 23:47 ) necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to seduce the! Not excuse the few things -- omitted in two oldest manuscripts read, `` whoredoms.... And faithfulness unto death accord with this crown ; the `` heart calling. Temporary nature Vulgate, Syriac, read instead of `` the counsel Balaam... Following up of all the epistles, before we come to the church at was... Write what he sees introduced his reason for writing: a direct command from Christ. Make sure that the author wrote this book on Christian book using its exact.! This corruption witness, My Spirit shall not be hurt -- Greek present, `` whosoever ''... Helps us to associate it with the freedom our age allows, but the church at Thyatira, is... 2:13A ( printed below ) what do you think this means that God. Is peculiar to the Lord ’ s throne is Revelation 12:17 address is an anticipatory preface to 12:1-17! Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our services! Active trade guilds, each having their own patron deity from the 1901 Standard..., commending their labor and patience worth mentioning morning star ( Revelation 2:14 ) call someone a or!

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